Wednesday, September 7, 2011

Komelshkafah cemetery in Alexandria

Cemetery Komelshkafah:
Address: symbols
Dates: from 9 am to 5 p.m.
Phone: 4865800

Dates graves Komelshkafah to the second century AD a cemetery Roman and the cemetery are carved in the rock underground, a unique and feature inscriptions outstanding, one of the most important tombs of Alexandria is unique in terms of design and patterns in which the blending of Egyptian Art Greco-Roman art and named after to "Cagaf", a broken pottery, which formed something like a hill "Kom" The reason the old Romanian custom which prevailed.
Is the largest cemeteries ROMANIAN general found in Alexandria is located on the border of West Alexandria cowardly old and due to the second century AD.
This cemetery is located Komelshkafah archaeological area in the neighborhood of symbols and the Muslim cemetery behind the current .. This area is part of the ancient city of Alexandria.
Komelshkafah and the name is the name given to the Arab region, the revival of the ancient Greek name .. Located Komelshkafah in the region by the village Racotiis .. A name that is known by the Romans in the revival of the old name of the Pharaonic Village, a Ra - held
I discovered this cemetery (the cemetery) by accident in 1892 .. It was finally disclosed in 1900.

This cemetery dates back to the late first century AD and until the fourth century AD .. The most important buildings, a cemetery, the main due to some mid-second century AD.
The cemetery Komelshkafah .. Is a kind of kata Combe graves that were deployed in the first three centuries, Christmas in Italy and some Greek islands.
Aalkata Combe was limited to the burial of Christians who were suffering persecution from the Roman to them .. These graves were dug under the ground in the form of streets extended for miles long lined graves on both sides .. The kata Combe burrow rapidly and in secret for fear of the rulers.

For the cemetery Komelshkafah there was no impact of Christian and one indicates that the early Christians had used the day of days .. It is cowardly and fold since its inception in the late first century AD that the use of the hero was buried in the fourth century AD.
This arose in the cemetery - in contrast to what is happening in Italy - to the family cemetery and the only one of the rich families who lived in Alexandria .. And then later used to bury many of the families.

Tend to the cemetery Komelshkafah combination of technocracy Pharaonic and Roman .. Unlike their counterparts in Italy, which characterized Greco-Roman art, Christian .. Did not mix with the Pharaonic and Roman art in the cemetery Komelshkafah in architecture, but also in the carved statues.

Komelshkafah cemetery stretches for some thing under ground .. It is unique for this type of cemeteries in that it descends to a depth of three-storey underground .. And probably came under the influence of pharaonic tombs in the cemetery where the cemetery was a good disparaged for very long distances.
The cemetery and dug at a depth of three-storey underground .. Designed to be made ropes from the body with a light Muscat holes in the walls .. And surrounded by a spiral staircase to the lowest floor cemetery .. When the body was up to the floor Strkd afford to be revived in the last .. And the spiral staircase between the conductive surface of the ground and first floor.

In terms of these cowardly advantages gained from the Roman art also appears in the peace sculpture and decoration in some parts of architecture.

And the cemetery (the cemetery) is divided into:
- Drilling Palmckawat and called this the most common .. The niche is a hole in the wall carved in the rock rectangular horizontal and deep hole closed square chip of limestone or marble .. Often written in red on the door of this stone the name of the deceased.
- The coffin .. It was usually etched into the rock .. Some of these coffins is divided into sections to put more than bodies.
- Four ordinary graves on the second floor behind the main cemetery .. It is like a Muslim cemeteries .. It is a room there is a hole in its roof, which passed the bodies .. Every hole has been used to bury the bodies of many of the poor.
- Tractor (the collection jar) for keeping the ashes of burnt bodies after .. Pottery, one of .. It is a vase holding three workshops was the cover of most of the pottery.

For the convenience of rising from the bottom of the cemetery to the top (after the burial) opened in the first round of peace like the slots near the mihrab .. And each seat is semi-circular hole carved in the rock .. And has a ceiling decorated with carved shell in the rock .. Chance of decoration and embellishment of the Greek is the second century AD and was the light of peace comes through the vents, which worked in the home by the light or rectangular openings were placed Msarj (lamps) are lit with oil of pottery .. Almsarj has been used to illuminate the rest of the cemetery .. The burning of incense in the early months, as well as in 9 and 13 days of each month, because these days the most important days of the month when the Romans.

There are first floor room in the tomb, adorned with a circular domed roof surmounted by a well refers to the Roman history .. The well has a small wall of stone and placed by the models of the plaster statues of marble found the bottom of the well .. And Greco-Roman Museum, located .. And opens to this room, rooms, and many graves.

There is room to eat on the left of the hole left of this cemetery .. It is like eating in the rooms of houses .. It contains three terraces carved into the rock, including a vacuum was filled by a wooden table .. The Romans gathered in this room, especially in the holy days are the days of violets and roses and days on the birthday of the deceased and Holiday paternity, which was officially held in February, while normally be held on the day of death of the deceased.

In the face of a room eating a hole there were not already exist in the cemetery but later opened to connect the hall after the great hall called the "Caracalla" .. Therefore it seems that this is independent of terminal dug cemetery and then came out later.
And a hall "Caracalla" found many bones of horses and the bones of young people, prompting some to think that they have linked the massacre of the Emperor "Caracalla" by retaliation from the youth of Alexandria, who insulted him .. and that was the 215 meters after them to the stadium (the stadium) .. They have been killed after the horses fled to the cemetery .. There is another opinion says that the bones of these horses for those horses that have won in sports competitions. . Having taken into a room goddess Nemesis (Nemesis) .. Which was sponsored sport.
There are four graves Karakla room painted in color .. Each tomb is a sarcophagus placed in a hole surrounded by squares and columns conjoined with stones.

And next to the peace that exists in the old hall and Mosul to the surface of the earth .. There is a well performer to a small burial chamber also .. There is next to the peace of the room or lounge Mcyprtan are drawn .. And right in front of the tomb glorified a mass grave dug floor .. In the photo on the left the cemetery walls Alilehtan one of Isis and Nephthys Basittin Ojnanhma and behind each machine, carrying a scepter crowned king .. On the side walls and a crowned king sitting on his throne.

On the first floor there are also other rooms of some of the buried coffins .. And the hole to put the bodies or ashes tractor .. The peace of the floor straight to the second floor where the main cemetery and the burial places of other ..
The peace of this roof dome decorated with a chance.

And the cemetery where the main lobby and the room of a funeral .. And the lobby and facade decoration topped Romanian Greek .. Followed by the bottom of the frieze of the Egyptian winged sun disk between the hawks .. The front door to the room of the funeral Vzachrvath pharaonic style .. With a frieze surmounted by a winged sun disk decorated by the head of a snake.
And on both sides of the door decoration is a hybrid between Pharaonic, Greek response to the evil away from the cemetery .. We find the decoration under the shield of the Greek goddess Athena and the head of Medusa, which was according to Greek mythology refer to the see the cornerstone of the dead .. And below the shield a snake sitting on a synagogue and wearing the crown of Upper and tribal .. And the right of the snake and the painted stick Hermes (Roman Mercury) .. Hermes is the messenger of the gods and guide the dead to the other world .. And on the left of the snake god Dionysus has a plant (Backus, Roman) The god of the dead, the snake staff is good and sacred to the god Osiris, god of the dead when the Pharaohs.

• The area comprises Komelshkafah Garajabana Kta Comp Index: -
• Cemetery Road Tigran:

And found when building one of the buildings in the area of ​​Cleopatra and was found in very bad condition and it was decided to rebuild the cemetery in the yard in the short Komelshkafah with the installation of the plaster layer which covers the conduct of the burial chamber on the walls of the room.
• Mcyprhsilvajo:

Silvajo attributed to the Greek nationality, who owned the land that was found on the cemetery, and to save the cemetery was moved and rebuilt in the Komelshkafah.
 • Cemetery Wardian:

Likely to be due to the year 300 BC. M and is part of the Wardian graves cemetery was moved to the area Komelshkafah to save the cemetery
Komelshkafah cemetery in Alexandria


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