Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Switzerland perfect place for holiday

Switzerland is the year round holiday destination, with sunny snow-filled winters in the hills ushers the tourist for a cool drive of the state. Basel, Geneva, Lugano, Bern, Interlake, Davos, Lucerne, Zermatt, Valais and Lausanne are counted among those places of Switzerland successful in luring a plethora of travelers every month.

The diversity of the place is locked in mountains, rivers, lakes, beaches and resorts. The fine cheeses, chocolates, watch-making industry and extravagant scenery make the place a perfect place for holiday. The climate of the place is also suitable for those residing in different in different parts of the world.

Celebrating holiday with enjoyment, peace and leisure this small European country, Switzerland is the genuine option. The place offers accommodation, transportation and freedom in a very reasonable rate. The place also gifts adventurous activities as skiing, biking and climbing for adding crisp to visit. Beaches and lakes of Switzerland are not only meant for honeymooners but also the family visitors

Favourite Summer Holidays for 2008

Summer holidays are about taking time out from the busy working year to recharge the batteries and spend time with the important people in our lives.

We all have memories of childhood summer holidays at the seaside and for many a beach holiday is an essential part of the summer break.

This year the strong Euro and environmental concerns are making summer holidays at home more attractive. Holidaymakers looking for a bargain are also considering the US and lesser-known destinations in Europe.
For more visit....

Sunday, April 27, 2008

Flora & Fauna at Balung Eco Resort 2

I caught this dragonfly while wondering around the resort.

This moth was flying around before finally settling down for me to get a shot.

Borneo is famous for it's orchids. This is an orange species.

These purple orchids are really beautiful.

I don't know what these flowers are,but they are beautiful.

Flora & Fauna at Balung Eco Resort

Have you seen a dragonfruit plant ?

This is how dragonfruits are grown.

This is a dragonfruit flower. Now you know why it's called a dragonfruit.

Coffee pods.

Coffee comes from this bush.

Saturday, April 26, 2008

Balung Eco Resort Tawau

I was at the Balung Eco Resort in Tawau recently for a meeting. The resort is located in a 3,000 acre plantation. Built by the owner in mostly homespun architecture, the resort is quite charming. It is a good break from the city.

Most of the produce at the resort is grown in the plantation, so everything is fresh and supposedly eco-friendly. The food is mostly home-cooked style, simple but tasty.

A fresh water stream runs throgh the resort. An old timber bridge provide the crossing across the river.

Another river crossing - a suspension bridge.

Thursday, April 24, 2008

Going on a summer holiday

It’s that time of the year when the majority of people will start scouting for options to take advantage of their children’s school holidays and exhaust their pending leave from the previous year as well.

Though the planning for these trips is done well in advance, if you are one of those who is still working out the nitty-gritties, take a look at some of these planning tips.

Kashmir has been a popular destination historically. But over the years, it had lost its sheen because of apprehensions about terrorism. However, this summer, Kashmir has made a comeback.

“The problems of targeting tourists have come down as tourism is a source of income in many parts of the state,” says Sandeep Srivastava, head, domestic travel, Thomas Cook.

The other preferred destinations include Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Leh and Ladakh, Ooty and Munnar.

Travel companies have come up with aggressively-priced packages for this season. For instance, Thomas Cook is offering a 5-day package at Rs 8,000 per person for Kashmir.

This includes accommodation, meals and sightseeing, but does not include train or flight costs. In Uttaranchal, one can visit the four pilgrimage sites or take a multiple tour of Corbett National Park, Mussoorie and Nainital. The basic package per person for this multiple location tours starts at Rs 13,000 per person, excluding the airfare.

Other areas where aggressively priced packages are available include multiple destination packages for Himachal Pradesh that includes the hill stations, Manali, Shimla, Dharamshala and Dalhousie.

Besides hill stations, another destination that is witnessing rising interest is the Sundarbans in West Bengal that is only accessible through waterways. Only a private cruise operator and government ships take visitors to the forests. “One of lures in this delta is that there is a weather change every three hours,” says a tour operator.

If you looking for adventure, there are difficult Himalayan treks that can be pursued. These treks last for about 11 days and there are a large number of travel packages that are offered by tour operators. These packages start at Rs 14,000 per person.

For the super rich, there are options of travelling to resorts such as Ananda in the Himalayas, where a range of spas and meditation packages are available. These tours are typically for three days and start from Rs 15,000 per person per day.

Other similar luxury areas include Udayvilas, Ram Bagh and Shiv Vilas in Rajasthan and Amanbagh and Brunton Boatyard in Kerala. The packages to these places could go up to Rs 50,000 a night per person.

Okay, enough of luring you to luxurious places, but the business end of it requires you to have the funds and take a call on the different packages on offer. Here’s a “how to do it” guide for the newbies

Budget: For starters, you need to create a budget for travelling. This would imply savings for that cause. “Typically, a tourist should be able to manage his stay within a budget of Rs 2,000 – 3,000 per person per night in a three-star category package. This expense would include meals, local transport and sight seeing,” says an industry expert. As a result, most of the week-long packages start from Rs 13,000 – 15,000.

For you, the important part is to figure out the money you will be able to spend. This would help in choosing the destinations, transportation, and accommodation. Try to control the urge to over spend on your vacation.

Cost optimisation: Now that the budgeting and the destination have been decided, you need to carefully gauge other costs. For instance, though the travel person might want to sell you a hotel room with a view for that little extra, if you are planning to do a lot of sight seeing, there is no need to go for it.

Shop around: Vacation packages are often good because they offer attractive discounts. Also, booking everything separately could lead to a lot of headaches. If you belong to a frequent-flyer programme, vacations are the perfect time to cash-in. Look into how many frequent-flyer miles you've earned and when they expire.

Choose payment method carefully: If you can afford to pay for the entire trip at once, exercise that option. For travellers on a budget, paying in instalments helps to ease the financial burden. Travel companies do offer various financing options to their customers.

For instance, Kuoni India has a finance scheme. Kesari, another tour operator, arranges personal loan with Bank of India. Thomas cook, who were offering financing options, have withdrawn it from this year. Instead, it has a co-branded credit card with ICICI Bank.

The payments made through the cards can be converted into equated monthly instalments (EMIs). Using a credit card is another option, but make sure you can pay it off promptly. Of course, financial planners would always advise that when you do not have the money, there is no need to spend.

When to book: Ideally in order to go through least amount of hassles, you should do all the work well in advance. However, travel operators say that in metros, since most of the family members are unsure of their schedules, they process requests even 10 days in advance.


Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Summer cottage near Paragliding in Bhimtal

Bhimtal has many tourist attraction,Para-gliding, Island restaurent in Bhimtal lake, Nakuchiatal and seven lakes cluster in Sat Tal, a picturesque picnic spot

Visit to Nainital-Bhimtal-Nakuckhiatal

Lakes has always been tourist attraction for children at their tender age as it is life experience to see water between the hills in form of springs.Colorful peddle , rowing-boats plying on the lakes make the place look more beauitful as the children and tourist take nice long drive with various boats peddling mannually .

This facilities are well managed in Northern State of India, Uttarakhand tourist towns Nainital,Bhimtal, and Nakuchiatal the trio cities within radius of 30Km, but is not given due publicity at national or International tourist maps.Trio towns attarct thousands of tourist round the year especially in Summers when the entire hotels are booked and children along with parents and tourist making beeline to these cities.

Bhimtal has many tourist spots like Island restaurent in Bhimtal lake, Para-gliding, Nauchiatal and seven lakes cluster in Sat Tal, a picturesque picnic spot where Ghatokach of Mahabharat fame lived in these hills with his mother.Bhimtal is very approachable as from road and rail it is hardly five hours journey approximately 250Km from Delhi and highway is extremely safe and well maintain except some short patches.Near Bhimtal is another mid way city on route to Nainital is Bhowaili which has cantonment plus shppers market with various temples famous as Ghanti temples.Wishes of the devotees gets fullfiled as one comes to these temples.

As we move from Delhi by road we cross philkhua , Moradabad, Rampur, Rudrapur, Haldwani,Kathgodam then the first hill town enroute is Bhimtal which is about 20Km from Kathgodam and it is about 4250 ft above sea level,three to four Km south of Bhimtal is Naukuchiatal.

The twin city of Bhimtal -Nakuchiatal has nice arragments of boats peddling and Lakes are quite bigs where one enjoys the fresh air and cold environment .Two city has enough tourist accomodation as it has many hotels on the periphery of the two lakes.The hotels are not very costly and moderately priced for stay and in lean seasons the rates are too economical specially for senior citizen cateogory.Just 20 Km from Bhimtal lies the most beautiful city of Naini Hills called Nainital which has its beauty of its own withs hotels line-up in one side of the lakes and on the other side -the Grand Hill which gives a majestic view for the tourist with city downtown and uptown markets for daily needs.

NainiTal is about 6000ft above sea level and is cooler than Bhimtal and Naukchiatal.The Naintal which has main source of income from hospitality or hotel industry is busy round the years as tourist come from all part of the country to see the queen of Hills Nainital.Nainital is mid town to go to other tourist spots like Rani Khet,Almora, Kausani and other places of religious fervour.Experience to these cities makes you believe that India lives in hills with a quite,serene, life, with peoples worshipping and leading a pious life.Their houses are well kept with flowers and kindergarden well suited for their daily supply of vegetables,fruits and lush green lawns make their living more posh.

Cold breeze round the year,fresh uncontaminated environment and frugal traffic makes the city nice place to recharge ones energy.Bowali,the city on the midway has Lodge of International theosophical society,which has Library and spiritual meeting are held by the local theosophist,but this society is under the federation of Delhi region.Kathgodam to Naini hills many small towns like Rampura,sat Tal,Bowali,Naukchiatal,having hundred years old churchs and temples give its majestic look with natural scenes adds to its beauty.
During the month of April,May and June,july when the plains in Delhi are getting too much hot then the best weather to enjoy during summers are the Nainihills close to capital 280 Km with five hours drive to these cities with most economical lodging and foods, a paradise for health conscious people.

Saturday, April 19, 2008

Kerala Ayurveda : From holistic treatments to health tourism in Kerala

The Indian state of Kerala is located in the South Western tip of India. The state has a tropical type of climate and covers a total area of about 38, 863 square km. God´s own country as it is famously known, it is surrounded by the Eastern Ghats in the East and the Arabian Sea in the West and has a network of 44 rivers, lakes, and estuaries popularly known as backwaters, that drains into the Arabian Sea,. The state has a long shoreline with tranquil beaches which attract tourists from all across the globe. Besides this, the state is also famous for its age-old Ayurvedic therapy. Kerala Ayurveda is indeed gaining momentum worldwide for its holistic effect on the body and mind. The healing effects of Ayurveda have spread as much by government initiatives as well as by word of mouth. As a result, you now you can also avail of comprehensive Kerala Ayurvedic tour packages.

Ayurveda is an ancient system of health care which has its origin in the Indian sub-continent. The origin of this therapy is much argued, but this science of cure has passed on from generation to generation. This science of medicine operates on the percept that every material object, be it animal or human or even mineral resources, has some medicinal value. The medicinal properties of these objects have been used for centuries to cure illness and maintain good health. Even writers and compilers of Indian History like Charaka, Sushruta, Vagabhatta, Bhav Mishra, and Shaligram have written about the qualities and medical uses of these herbs, mineral, metals, chemicals, animal parts and fruits. The effects and practice of Ayurveda was also mentioned in the ancient Indian texts like Vastu and the Vedas.

Ayurvedic massage is a medical treatment which can be applied to individuals of any age. However, the intensity of the massage varies from age to age. The ayurvedic massage therapy helps in relieving pain, improves blood circulation, relieves stress, sleep better, provides flexibility in muscles and remove toxic materials that gets accumulated in the joints and tissues. Interestingly, this age-old holistic treatment has become one of the main revenue generators for India in terms of health tourism. Tourists, who are Indian, but mostly foreign, are keen on Ayurvedic therapy forming part of the package deal for a tour of Kerala. The resort or spa which offers Ayurveda treatment in Kerala also provides you with Ayurveda diet, yoga and meditation classes, and massage therapy. From obesity to liver problems, skin care to hair loss everything is believed to have an answer in Ayurveda.

The equable climate and the natural abundance of forest with a large variety of herbs and medicinal plants make Kerala a wonder destination for Ayurveda. Kerala Ayurvedic tour packages are some of the most healing and restorative packages in India. The ideal time to book tours for Kerala Ayurveda is in the monsoon, when the atmosphere remains dust free and cool.

Several types of Ayurvedic therapies are practiced in Kerala. The most prominent ones include the Abhyangam, Dhanyamla Dhara, Dhara, Kativasthi, Ksheeradhoomam, Njavarakizhi, Sirovasthi, Snehapanam, Udvarthanam, Urovasthi, Vasthi and the Yoni Prakshalanam. The duration of these treatments ranges from seven to fourteen days or even more depending upon the package you are choosing. Each of these packages has some distinct medicinal value and helps in attaining the harmony of body, mind and soul.

Kerala Ayurvedic tour packages generally include accommodation for days depending upon the massage pack chosen, body massage and food. One can also avail the shared accommodation at a discounted rate. Kerala tour Operators have basically three options – a seven day package, a fourteen day package and a twenty one day package, from which the guests can choose depending upon his need. Among the prominent resorts which offer Ayurveda in Kerala include Sanjeevanam Resort, Somatheeram Resort, Thirummal Resort, Manal Theeram Beach Resort and the Keraleeyam Ayurvedic Resort.


Saturday, April 12, 2008

Top ten places to see in your lifetime

Travellers have always made lists of the top destinations to be visited in the world and even armchair travellers dream of experiencing the most unique and exciting sites the planet has to offer.

Bruce Poon, the founder of adventure travel company GAP Adventures, shares his top ten tourist places to see in your lifetime.

Despite recent troubles and ongoing Chinese domination, the Tibetan capital of Lhasa is at the top of Bruce Poon's list.

He says the spirit of the people of Tibet is still palpable in the city, which was at one time the spiritual and cultural heart of Asia.

The Potala Palace sits looming over the city and Buddhist monks pass by on their daily routines, reminding visitors that this city carries the pulse of a nation in change.

Every Saturday morning, the world's largest craft market in the Ecuadorian town of Otavalo comes to life with a wash of vibrant colour as the local Indians come down from the hills to market their wares.

India's Taj Mahal is in third place as the greatest monument to love on earth remains an inspiring example of beautiful architecture, creating a powerful effect on visitors from all backgrounds.

The highest waterfalls in the world are also the most spectacular. Angel Falls in Venezuela are approached by river and the canoe journey makes a trip to view this spectacular natural wonder unforgettable.

Watch rhinos and baboons roaming free against a stunning backdrop of the setting African sun in the Ngorongoro Crater.

This lush wildlife playground in the middle of the dry desert of Tanzania offers a truly unspoilt experience African, putting it in fifth spot.

In Guatemala, the ruined city of Tikal was built by the Mayans and seems remarkably undisturbed in the middle of its tropical jungle setting.

"By imagining how the Mayans once ruled this area of the world, it is easy to transport yourself back to a time of ancient and savage civilisation," Mr Poon said.

The desire to get off the beaten tourist track promotes the sandy peninsula of Placencia in southern Belize in seventh place.

This hidden gem remains undiscovered by mainstream tourists aside from a few lost backpackers and it is possible to relax with local villagers in total anonymity.

More lost islands are located just off the coast, which can be easily reached.

Ecuador makes Mr Poon's list a second time with the Galapagos Islands at number eight. Bring what you know about Darwin's research on evolution to life as you explore these curious islands.

This is still quite a remote destination, encouraging relaxation, learning and inspiration in a virtually untouched place.

The magnificent ancient caves of Pak Ou in Laos are set high above the Mekong River some 25km from Luang Prabang.

These caves have been a place of Buddhist worship and solitude for more than 600 years and more than 4,000 images of the Buddha have been placed inside them over that time.


Travel To South Wales Australia Gallery

New South Wales is one of Australia's premier tourist destinations. Sydney is the capital city and the most popular destinations within the state. Since the Olympics of the year 2000 Sydney has become one of Australia's most sought after destinations. Sydney is also famous for its opera house set on the shores of the fabulous Sydney harbour, the wonderful Taronga park zoo which is only a ferry ride from the centre of the city and also the spectacular Sydney harbour bridge which is the largest of its type in the world. Climbing the arch of the bridge is extremely popular with tourists and regular escorted tours are conducted. There is a huge range of Sydney accommodation to choose from including hotels apartments, motels, back packer hostels and condominiums. There is also a depot for hiring campervans and motorhomes for a leisurely treck around Australia.

Sydney and New South Wales are famous for their beaches and along the coast are many popular seaside resort towns. North from Sydney such towns as Gosford, Newcastle, Port Stephens, Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, Yamba, Byron Bay, Kingscliff and Tweed Heads are the most popular. On the South coast the most popular destinations are Woolongong, Kiama, Nowra, Ulladulla, Batemans Bay, Moruya, Narooma, Merimbula and Eden. Touring holidays taking in these areas will reward the tourist with spectacular coastal scenery together with a friendly country atmosphere. NSW information available for your vacation needs.

The wine and golf lover should not miss the Hunter Valley. Located just north of Sydney and just inland from Newcastle this area is world famous for the quality of its wine production. There is a myriad of wineries to choose from and wine tasting, great restaurants and relaxation are the order of the day. Some of Australia's most famous vineyards are located within the Hunter Valley. The Blue Mountains is another destination close to Sydney. The town of Katoomba is famous for its magnificent mountain scenery and the old world charm of its luxury hotels. It is a delightful destination for a weekend away and is also quite close to the fabulous Janolan Caves.

In the wintertime the mountains around Mt Kosciuszko are a mecca for skiers. The mountain resorts of Thredbo Village, Perisher Blue, Smiggin Holes and Jindabne provide world class accommodation and skiing. The area abounds with quality accommodation, restaurants, ski hire and some perfect runs with a multitude of ski lifts and pomas. Not far north you will find the city of Canberra. This is Australia's capital and the seat of government. Canberra is an attraction in its own right with wonderful gardens and parks and loads of interesting museums, art galleries and the like. Canberra has plenty of world class accommodation however it is wise to book well in advance. In this website you will find information on a wide range of New South Wales accommodation together with holiday specials and packages. www.nswtravel.com.au is a one stop shop for all tourist information and is the answer for all your New South Wales holiday needs.

Monday, April 7, 2008

Houseboat in Hoode Backwaters to make Udupi a new tourist destination

For the first time in the history of Karnataka the introduction of the Boat House Cruise by the well known Paradise Isle Resorts of Malpe will help in putting the Kemmannu Hoode of the Udupi region onto the world map as one of the best chosen holiday destination.

The survey of River Swarna revealed that the best high tide cruise can take the tourists cruising along and enjoying the beauty of the surrounding Kemmannu backwaters with a breathtaking view of the green gardens, the tall and majestic palms swaying with the breeze and nature's wonders like migratory birds on the sand reefs and the shellfish habitats in the shallow waters near Thimman Kudru.

The arrival and introduction of the new Boat Houses in Kemmannu back waters of River Swarna is a new and a rare viewing experience for the onlookers and the hundreds of local people living on this beautiful ridge of land between the sea and river at Bengre Kemmannu.

This place is astounding and distinctive as it is surrounded by the natural beauty and this ridge of land between the sea and the river is unique at Bengre beach. The back waters here are comparable to the backwaters seen in Gods own country and this makes Kemmannu the perfect destination for tourism.

The coastal region including Udupi, Kaup, Kemmannu, Bengre, Kundapoora and Baindoor are favourable for all kind of tourism activities including water sports, But Kemmannu in particular has the advantage of being a town which has a beach and a river and it is located just about 9 Km from the main City Udupi.

With this tourist destination gaining popularity the people of Karnantaka and the world over can now enjoy a holiday in Kemmanu like they would have had in Kerala as this place too now boasts of the popular House Boat Cruise that will attract tourists from India and the world over. A cruise on Paradise lagoon boat house is a fabulous way to explore the fascinating beauty of the backwaters.

The houseboat is about 67 feet in length and has a width of around 13 feet in the middle. The materials that go into the making of the boat are; bamboo poles, coconut fibre, ropes, bamboo mats, carpets etc which are local and eco-friendly. The main wood used is "Anjili". These houseboats are fully furnished and have single room, double room and triple rooms for tourists to rent.

All the houseboats have sundecks, private balconies with comfortable chairs, a kitchen and restrooms. Traditional lanterns are used as a source of light and this gives the tourists a perfect ambience of a typical costal home. Traditional Udupi cuisine is served on the boat with local specialties that include delicious fish and prawns. There are single bedroom houseboats for couples and houseboats with two bedrooms for four people or a family of four. The houseboat crew includes a chef, and two oarsmen.

A holiday on the houseboat of the enchanting backwaters of Kemmannu Hude and Bengre is sure to rob your heart. Palm fringed narrow canals winding through the neat tiny hamlets lined up along the either side of the canals is a panoramic sight to behold.

Tourists can perceive the flashes of toddy tapping (natural Kali), traditional techniques of the shellfish gathering,(Koyyol, Marvayi), village walk, and they can visually capture the flocks of cormorant, egret, herons, four species of moorhens, water ducks, Siberian storks, Purple herons, seagulls, teals, and the different types of King fishers in the waters.


Thursday, April 3, 2008

Iran Cultural Tourist Attractions

Iran is a country with enormous cultural and historical attractions which draw in landmark number of tourists in different seasons of the year, especially in spring and at time of Noruz, marking start of the New Year.

The attractions and beautifies of the country are scattered in different parts and cities of it.

The most attractive tourist cities of the country are as follows:


Being a village of great antiquity, Abyaneh is like a living architectural and anthropological museum.

It affords an impressive exponent of adaptation of man with his environment.

It is located on the northwestern slope of Karkas Mountains, 20 kms away form Natanz.

Considering the evidence found in Abyaneh, it dates back to antiquity, but its golden age was during the Safavid period.

The village is expanded along the river, and its configuration indicates that the past people showed much consideration for security.

The language spoken by the people in Abyaneh is similar to the Parthian language.

Among the attractions of Abyaneh the Jam'e Mosque, Yarzaleh, Hajatgh Mosque, and Zeyaratgah are notable.

Considering the evidence found in Abyaneh, it dates back to antiquity, but its golden age was during the Safavid period.

The village is expanded along the river, and its configuration indicates that the past people showed much consideration for security.

The language spoken by the people in Abyaneh is similar to the Parthian language.

The Castle of Haman, two houses of Dervishes dating back to Safavid era, and the remain of two fire-temples dating back to Sassanid epoch (built in an architectural style called Chahar Taqi (four-arch style)).


Situated in one of the most ancient neighborhoods of Abyaneh, this mosque has an impressive sanctuary.

The date carved on the front door indicates that the mosque dates back to 14th century Hajat gah Mosque Located beside Mt Sakhreh Kuh, this mosque dates back to the Safavid period.

Its sanctuary has pillars of wood, on which some verses of the Koran have been iscibed.


Zeyaratgah meaning Shrine, is a magnificently impressive monument, attracting a large number of visitors each year.

There are flowerbeds, brooks, a pool and a large veranda opening onto the vivid green valley of Abyaneh, making Zeyaratgah a place worthwhile seeing.


The city of Qazvin is located west to Tehran.

It is founded in the time of Sassanide Shapour I, famous as Shad Shapour, in order to prevent the invasions of Dialameh and it was gradually developed as the main nucleus of Qazvin city.

After the invasion of Arabs to Iran and commencement of Islamic conquests, thuscity was surrounded by one of the famous Arab commanders and in the year 25th it became one of the military bases of Arab forces.

Qazvin was selected as capital by Safavid and several buildings and monuments were constructed over there.

Among the attraction of Qazvin we can find: Jame' Mosque, Castle of Alamout, Yaleh Gonbad and Kafar Gonbad domes, and several caravanserai, gates, mosques and castles.


Being constructed by Hassan Sabbah the leader of Ismaillieh movement on 5th century, the Castle of Alamoot is one the most attractive Castles in Iran.

This Castle was attacked by Mongol Holakoo and was the witness of long clashes and wars between central government and Ismailieh.


Once difficult to reach by tourists because of being 270 km away Tabriz on the way to Astara and the Caspian from eastern Azarbayijan, nowadays Ardabil is the capital of Ardabil Province.

It is 588 km to the northwest of Tehran.

And in contrary to what the foreign visitors might have read in publications available abroad, here in Iran this old town can be reached both by road and air.

It is located in an altitude of 1,300 m above sea level and is 210 km northwest of Bandar-e Anzali and 70 km from Astara on a good asphalt road, then a twisting scenic mountain road.

Ardabil is best known as the birthplace of Shaykh Safi ad-Din (1251-1334) from whom the Safavid dynasty was descended.

Shaykh Safi was the founder of a sufi order and monastery in Ardabil, the center of their theocratic community.

Ismail, a descendent of him and who was later crowned as the Shah of Persia in Tabriz (1501), was a member of this order, and it is noteworthy that it was during the latter's reign that the majority of Persians were converted to Shi'ah Islam.

The most important places to visit In Ardabil are as following:

Neior Lake, Shoorabil Lake, marchlands of Ganjgah, Nooshar and Shoorhul, water fall Goorgoor on Sabalan, hot water springs in Sar-Ain , Shaykh Safi Tomb, old bridges of Qara Sou, Eidi Gouz and Guilandeh, the Old Bazaar complex, Stone Cave of Dakhmeh Sangi, and the tower of Shater Gunbadi.


Collection of Sheikh Saffieddin Ardebili's Mausoleum includes an architecture of different periods of Iran.

Being a unique religious building, it is considered one of the most fabulous monuments in this town.

Originally it was the residence of Sheikh Safi.

There are two domes one above Sheikh Safi's tomb and the other over Shah Essmaiel Safavids's tomb.

Buried in the tombs of the king and his princes, there are some wooden boxes, which are adorned and artistically carved.

Shah Abbas (I) Safavid presented some copies of valuable hand- written books as gifts to the graveyard library, but a Russian warlord called Passkowich in 1828 plundered the library.


Dating back to over 2500 years ago, Hamadan, the cradle of Median civilization, has numerous historical monuments.

It is located in the mountainous area of Zagros in the western Iran.

The city of Hamadan the ancient name of which is Ecbatana, has been given an account of the great Median palace of Hegmetaneh, the ruins of which are in the central part of Hamadan as a hill.

During the Seljuk period it was the capital of Iran for 50 years.

Five kms. from Hamadan there are two inscriptions in cuneiform, called Ganjnameh which is one of the most ancient inscriptions found in the world.

In Hamadan we can also find the Mausoleum of Avicenna and Baba Taher the great Iranian doctor and scientist.

Mossalla and Abbasabad hills are both the places worthwhile visiting.

Mosalla hill, on the slop of which there is a huge stone lion, and Abbasabad hill date back both to the first civilizations of the world.

Alavian dome under which there are two tombs belonging to the Alavian Family has impressive plasterwork.

Dating back to 800 years ago, it has been decorated with colored tiles.

But the most attractive site in Hamadan is Alisadr Cave which is the longest cave including a lake inside, in the world.


Dating back to the Achaemenid period, and belong to Darius (550-486 BC) and his son Xerxes, Ganjnameh like other Achaemenid inscriptions, contain prayers to Ahura Mazda (the chief deity of Zoroastrianism) for the protection of the country, and genealogy of the Achaemenid dynasty.


The Mausoleum of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), the great Iranian philosopher has been built on 1954.

There is a library with a number of manuscripts in this building.

The tomb of Baba Taher-e Oryan (C. 1000 after 1055), the Iranian poet and mystic, has been built in a beautiful park northwest of Hamadan in recent years.


According to the specialist Alisadr Cave is one of the most astonishing caves in the world.

It is located 60 kms north of Hamadan.

Alisadr is a vast cave that contains a lake and a labyrinth of chambers along which one can sail for tens of kms.

The clear water of the cave is several meters deep and the cave's walls, floor and ceiling are covered with an abundance of marvelous stalactites and stalagmites and various natural stones that have taken the shape of animals.


Locating in the central part of Iran plateau Isfahan province is very well known among the tourists for its rich history and handicrafts.

This city was probably constructed under the Achaemenian era.

Under the Sassanian Isfahan was conquered by the Moslems on 19 AH.

On 1000 the capital of the Safavids was transferred from Qazvin to Isfahan.

The tourism potentials of the province are religious sites and buildings with their own antiquity scattered throughout the province annually attracting so many tourists who are interested on the rich history of Iran.

Moreover some of these sites, as invaluable and important memorials of the past, reflect great national, cultural, and religious heritage of residents of this region in different historical periods.

Among them Chehel Sotun Palace, Jameh' Mosque, Chaharbagh School, Imam Square, which includes itself three magnificent buildings:

Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and Place of Ali Qapu, Khaju Bridge, Sio-Seh Pol and tens of Imamzadeh, Shrines and tombs, can be pointed.

Dating back to circa 2500 year ago, Isfahan has been the capital of Iran in three historical periods.

After Islam, the city of Isfahan was under domination of Arabs, like other cities of Iran, till the early 4th century AH.

After the invasion of Mongols on 630 AH. Isfahan flourished again especially in Safavid time under the Shah Abbas who ordered the construction of most of the important sites in the city Isfahan.


The Chehel Sotun Palace (Forty Columns), built amidst a vast garden, is a triumph architecturally.

The wall paintings by the famous painter of the Safavid period are superlative in their kind.

The building has a veranda with 18 pillars, being mirrored in the still water of a pool lying in front of it.

The building and the pool create a beautiful view.

The frescoes and painting on the walls depict specific historical scenes such as a reception for an Uzbek King in 1646 when the palace had only just been completed; a banquet in honor of the King of Turkestan in 1611; the battle of Chalderan against the King of Osmanlis in 1514 in which Persians fought without fire-arms and so many historical events.

The superb wooden roof of the porch was painted with a series of geometrical decorations interspersed with flowers.

The waterproofing of this, and other palaces, was achieved by covering the roof with a fresh layer of beaten earth every year, the weight of which has caused many other collapses.


The Friday Mosque (Masjed Jame') is the oldest mosque in Isfahan.

The greater part of the building dates back to the 11th century.

Changes and additions were made is subsequent period.

Comprehensive restoration and clearing work around the building have been carried out during the past few years.

The central courtyard is one of the largest in Iran: 65 meters by 76.

The architecture of this mosque is a different from the Safavid mosques.

The southern porch opens up on a very wide and elegant arch, the proportions of its architrave, which is wider than it is high, are perfect.

This layout reflects a "Mongol" influence and was built under the Timurid dynasty (Tamerlane) in the 15th century.

This fine example of an early four-Ivan mosque is situated in an oasis town on the edge of the central Iranian desert.

The plain brick arcades of its courtyard are highlighted by a simple monumental inscription while the interior arcading of the dome chamber is ornamented with carved stucco panels and a superb stucco mihrab.


The most frequently visited madresseh (school) in Isfahan is Chaharbagh or Sultani formerly Mada-e Shah (the Shah's Mother) situated at the Chahar bagh Avenues.

This Coranic School was founded upon the initiative of Shah Sultan Hossein's mother.

The Shah was the last of the Safavid sovereigns who, after taking refuge in this very enormous building, was put to death by the Afghan invaders (1622).

In order to finance the school, Hossein's mother got a large caravanserai built nearby, the income of which went to the foundation.

Nowadays are very few students in the Madresseh, but the caravanserai has becom the most famous luxury hotel in Iran.

The blue and gold flower-decked cupola flanked by two magnificent minarets can be photographed from the balconies of the hotel rooms.

The madresseh was skillfully restored.

The caravanserai has become the Abbasi Hotel Imam Square Imam Square (Nagsh-e-Jahan Sq.) is a magnificently impressive sight, known by UNESCO as a unique historical complex.

It is surrounded by Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Imam Mosque, Palace of Ali Qapu and Qeysariyeh Bazaar.

In Safavid period, the great square was used as a field of horse riding games.


This Mosque is situated to the south of Naqsh-e-Jahan square.

Built in the reign of Shah Abbas, tile work and architecture of this mosque are amazingly superb.

Its minarets are 48 meters high.

This Mosque is one of the finest monuments in the world.

The color of ceramic ornaments is the first cause of surprise and admiration.

But the size of the buildings surrounding the courtyard is more enormous.

The Muslim architect of the building used space and stone for mystical purposes.

The first impression of this Mosque is its completely unusual surroundings, the second a breathtaking reaction to the immensity and vacuum of the courtyard, the third the monotonous rectangle of arcades and loggias where minarets mount their blind guard.

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

The Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque stands to the east of Naqsh-e-Jahan Sq. Built in the reign of Shah Abbas, it represents the best example of architecture and tile work of Iran in the 17th century.

The beauty of its buff dome fills visitors with enchantment.

Shah Abbas and his family used to worship in this mosque.

This mosque differs from all others in several respects.

While turquoise, blue and pink predominate in the motifs on the facade, elsewhere, especially on the dome, both inside and outside, the main color is yellow.

The artist painted on the background delicate interlacing and black or blue flowers.

The cupola is recognized as the most perfect in Iran.

Uncanny lightening seeps through the windows at the base of the vault.

Widespread use is made of the decorative value of calligraphy in the "sols" lettering stile, but there are also realistic miniature- style motifs: flower-bowls, peacocks, cypresses, etc.

Another peculiarity of this mosque is that it has neither courtyard nor minaret, since it was not a place for public worship, but was exclusively intended for the King, his family and his close collaborators.


The Ali Qapu Palace is situated to the west of Naqsh-e-Jahan Sq.

In the Safavid period it was used for the reception of ambassadors and envoys from other countries.

It is a six-storied building, the painting and plasterwork of which are extremely impressive.

The entire upper floor of the palace gatehouse consists of numerous rooms whose walls are decorated with a fretwork of niches and bottle shapes cut into a wood and plaster membrane which lines the walls.


Turning back toward the city, the first bridge encountered is the Khaju Bridge.

It is a magnificent structure with two tires of arches.

The lower arches are fitted with locks.

When they are lowered, a small lake forms opposite the Royal Palaces built under Shah Abbas II (1650) on the right bank.

In the middle of the bridge, the King got a pavilion built which is still intact.

On each of the bridge's piers, he got stone seats built so that his subjects could sit there to watch the Zayande River.


Another extraordinary bridge in Isfahan is the Sio-Seh Pol (thirty three Arches), also called Allahverdikhan Pol (Allahverdi Bridge), after the architect who built it in 1600 and who was also Abbas the Great's Army Chief.

The bridge is about 300 meters in length.

A row of delicate arcades (about 100 of them) lightens its silhouette and lengthens its lines.


The city of Kashan, which is situated in the margin of the central desert of Iran, contains several sites and historical monuments attracting many visitors each year.

Vestiges found on Seek hills, located 3 km. distant from the town, indicate that this area was a home of prehistoric man.

The charm of Kahsan is mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the Kavir (desert) region and the greenery of the well-tended oasis, to the lively atmosphere of this almost compulsory halt, the restful shade of cupola covered houses and the coolness caused by these cupolas are a strange architecture specialized for the cities of desert.

This city has a variety of magnificent building, whose constructions refer to past as well as late times, among which the Garden of Fin, the House of Brojerdies, the Mosque and Scholl of Aga Bozorgand so many other interesting sites for the tourists, are notable.


This Garden, which is located 6 km of Kashan, has been constructed under the command of Shah Abbas Safavid to be used as a water supply for Kashan.

The architecture of the garden is in the old Iranian stile, due to which it is of great importance among the monuments of the town.

The garden, in which there are historical buildings and two baths with pillars made of marble and ceiling decorated with paintings , is a splendid complex.


The House of Borujerdies was constructed in 19th century and it took about 18 years to be built by about 150 architects and painters and artists.

This house containing impressive wall paintings of Qjars Kings portraits, plasterwork, decorations with mirrors and beautiful wind towers above the roof, is an architectural triumph, which attracts numerous visitors each day.


The Mosque and School of Agha Bozorg with an impressive facade, two lofty minarets and an eye-catching dome follows the original Iranian architecture.


Being a province of great antiquity, Kerman contains numerous monuments dating back both to pre-Islamic and post- Islamic periods.

It is located in the southeastern of Iran.

Being a town of considerable past history, Kerman is attractive for its several ancient monuments of particular originally, among them a group of utilitarian buildings date back to Sassanian era and also Safavid period in the 17th century.

The governor of Kerman Ganj Ali Khan, founded notable buildings, most of which have survived and now are called Ganj Ali Khan Complex.

Among the monumental buildings in Kerman we can notify Bazaar and the Dome of Jabliyeh.

The style of building in Kerman is high walls, narrow alleys and domed roofs.


Taking the mosque, bath, bazaar, school, caravanserai, reservoir and a vast square, this complex is a triumph architecturally.

The bath, containing many statues representing different stages of taking bath in traditional fashion, is used as an anthropological museum.

The tile-mosaic used in the complex is of considerable beauty.


Dating back to the Seljuq period, it was built on the site of Zoroastrian fire-temples.

It is an octagonal building roofed with a huge dome.


Bam is a city of great antiquity, 200 kms southeast of Kerman.

Dates, citrus fruits and henna are the most important crops cultivated in Bam.

Dating from 2000 years ago, it was on silk route.

The ruins of the ancient city of Bam called Arg-e Bam, are of great attraction.

Being one of the world wonders covering 6 sq. kms, Arg-e Bam is the greatest mud-brick construction in the world.

Surrounded by lofty walls and towers and a moat, it includes a great number of houses encircling the seat of the ruler, which stand in the center.


Being one of the world wonders covering 6 sq. kms, it is the greatest mud-brick construction in the world.

Surrounded by lofty walls and towers and a moat, it includes a great number of houses encircling the seat of the ruler, which stand in the center.


Mahan is an impressive town, 42 kms northeast of Kerman, which is probably founded in Sassanid period.

Spectacular natural sights and the Mausoleum of Shah Ne'matollah-e Vali, the renowned Iranian mystic and poet, and the Garden of Prince, make it a point of interest.

It has the most beautiful minarets of Iran.


Lying west of Iran, Kermanshah province with numerous monument and beauties of nature is of great attraction for visitors.

In general, it enjoys a mild climate.

Kurds, Lors, Arabs and Turks are peoples living in Kermanshah province.

According to historical documents, it has been always an important center.

Considering its great antiquity and its various historical monuments, this city can represent a remarkable part of the history of Iran.

Pol-e Kohne (Old Bridge) having the herring bone arches made of bricks, and Jam'e Mosque, dating back to the 18th century with beautiful brickworks and plasterworks are of more importance.

In the suburb of Kerman shah, relics surviving from Circa 900 BC on the hill of Ganj Darreh and three catacombs dating back to the Median age, near Deh-Nou, Ishaqvand village, are very impressive.

But the most attractive sites in this area are Bisotun and Tagh-e Bostan, which are both among the astonishing attractions of Iran.


This monument, dating back to the Sassanian period, is located 5 km northeast of Kermanshah.

This world-famous monument has two magnificent arches carved on the mountain with extreme dexterity.

One part of the carving represents a hunting scene in which the king is hunting and some animals are running away.

Another part of the carving shows the ritual of taking crown from God.

This is of high importance to those in the ritual of ancient Iran.


Situated 25km from Kermanshah, Bisotun is world-famous and magnificently impressive for visitors.

A relief of Darius, the king of Persia (512-486 BC), showing him after the victory over the rebels, is a fascinating monument.

Some of the other ancient relics are inscriptions in the Babylonian, old Persian and Elamite languages.

In historical studies, these inscriptions are extremely important, because they provide a clue to the decipherment of cuneiform.


Being one of the centers of Iranian civilization, Khorasan has been of high importance since ancient times.

As a satrapy in Achaemenid age and a part of Iranshahr in the Sassanid period, it was regarded as an influential region.

After the Arab invasion the people of Khorasan converted to Islam.

The shrine of eight Imam of Shiite Muslims Imam Reza (c.768-818) in Mashhad, has increased the province's importance.

This is the most important pilgrimage in Iran.


The famous city of Tus, located 24 kms west of Mashhad, was the home of Ferdowsi (c.935-1020) the great Persian Poet who spent about 35 years writing his great epic, Shahnameh.


Mashhad the provincial capital of Khorasan, containing the holy shrine of Imam Reza, is the most pilgrimage in Iran.

The holy shrine and all its courtyards are the significant of the Islamic architecture.

Aqiq and Azadi courtyards belonging to Gowhar Shad are eye-catching places.

The sepulcher is enclosed by a golden transenna made by craftmen from Isfahan.


Enjoying a splendid natural beauty, a pleasant climate, lofty mountains covered with lush vegetation and luxuriant forests the province of Gilan attracts large number of visitors each year.

Situated to the south of Caspian Sea, Gilan covers an area of 14709 sq kms.

It is also bounded to Talesh Mountains westward and Alborz mountain range southward.

The history of Gilan is not so clear till the 6th century BC.

But archeological excavation show that the antiquity of the lands in southern parts of the Caspian Sea dates back to the last Freezing Period estimated to 50-150 millennia BC.

The most important towns of this province are: Rasht, Astara, Astaneh-Ashrafiyyeh, Anzali, Rudbar, Rudsar, Souma'eh Sara, Talesh, Fuman, and one of the most villages, Masouleh.


Located in the center of the plateau of Gilan, Rasht is 323 kms distant from Tehran.

It has a mild humid weather.

Dating back to the pre-Islamic period, this city has been an important center for trade and agricultural activities.

The Park of Qods, Saafi Mosque, Haj Mohammad khan Mosque, the town hall, and the Mausoleum of Mirza Koochak Khan are among places worthwhile seeing.


Situated 40 kms northwest of Rasht, this town is the most important northern seaport of Iran.

It is a peninsula, 33 kms long separating Anzali swamp from the Caspian Sea.

Fishing, exporting Caviar and tourism are among the main sources of income in Anzali.

Pol-e Ghazian, the palace of Miyan posht are among interesting places to see.

Anzali swamp, having fascinating landscapes, attract many visitors.

The seaport links Iran with Black Sea via Volga-Don channel.


The beautiful village of Masuleh is an impressive place situated 35 kms west of Fuman in the mountains of Talesh.

Lush vegetation and beautiful nature on the one hand, and low humidity on the other, afford this village a distinctive position.

Apart from natural beauty, the unique architecture of the buildings with lattice windows and exquisite decorations attracts many tourists each year.

Due to its original architecture this village was registered by the UNESCO.


Orumieh is located 18th kms west of Orumieh Lake in a luxuriant plain.

The weather in this city is cold in winters and moderate in the summers.

The latest archaeological discoveries in Orumieh indicate that the history of this region dates back to 2000 BC.

Some historians believe that Orumieh is the birthplace of Zoroaster, the most famous Persian prophet.

There had been many historical sites and monuments in Orumieh, which were unfortunately destroyed, in some historical events and invasions of different tribes and clans.

The most important historical and eye-pleasing places are as follows: Orumieh lake and its islands Kaboodan, Ashk, Arezoo and Espeer, Mineral waters of Zanbil, Church of Saint Thaddeus, Haftabeh and Qaynarjeh, and many other mosques and monuments.


"The most beautiful blue" in the world is how people used to describe that water, which contains a concentration of salt almost as heavy as that of the Dead Sea.

The ancient Persians called it the "Royal Sea".


Regarding as the center of Azarbayjan, an immense area in the northwestern Iran, Tabriz has been the center of trade and tourism since the distant past.

It is a city of great antiquity and has been the capital of Iran in different periods, as a result of which monuments of rich variety are found in it.

The following are of more prominence: Blue Mosque, Arg of Tabriz, IL Goli, the historical Bazaar, Jame' Mosque, City Hall, Clock Tower, Castle of Rashidieh, and many other attractions.

Near Tabriz there are so many villages and towns, who are attractive sites for tourists.

Some of these villages are: Kandovan, Ahar, Jolfa, Shabestar, Kaleibar and Maragheh.


It is a famous mosque, the interior and exterior facades of which are decorated with some of the finest tile-mosaic in Iran.

Dating back to the 15th century, it is a triumph architecturally.


Arg or citadel of Tabriz, dates back to the 14th century.

It is an evidence of heroic resistance of the city's people to the invaders.

Arg is a leading tourist attraction of Tabriz.


It is a park containing an impressive building and a vast pool encircled by lofty trees in the center.

From this garden, you can see a large red cliff overlooking the valley of the Taikel River which was through Tabriz.

This beautiful pavilion dates back to Qajar's era.


Kandovan is situated in Oscoo town, near Tabriz.

In this village, a unique architecture suitable for mountainous areas has developed.

The village's people have managed to preserve their traditions in the course of history.

Apart from architecture, the mineral springs of Kandovan has endless fascinating for many tourists.


Church Saint Stephen, being of considerable attraction architecturally, is in 16 kms west to this village.

The construction of this church dates back to 10- 12 AC.

There are so many calligraphies in Armenian language in this church, which refers to the way of its construction.

Another attracting Church in this city is Holy Mary's Church the construction of which refers to 16 AC.


This town is located 165 kms northeast of Tabriz.

The Arras River crosses this district from the northern part, and the famous Castle of Babak in this town is located on the mountain.

It is located 2600 meters high, west to Kaleibar.


Semnan is located 221 kms distance from Tehran.

During its long history, this city was occupied by many tribes and its name has been mentioned in many historical books.

Semnan was one of the main provinces of ancient Iran.

Its inhabitants speak in a specific language, which seems to be one of the ancient dialects of the ancient Persian.

The Seljucid minarets with an epitaph in Koofi script on it and the Friday Mosque beside the Minarets, and the Gate of Semnan Citadel, are of the valuable monuments of Semnan.


Situated in Fars province, which is one of the most famous provinces of the Old Persian Empire, Shiraz is known in the entire world as the city of roses and poets, and is located in a specious region of the oldest human civilizations of the world.

Before the Islamic period, two commanders rose from this region and each established a big monarch; the first, the Achaemenid by the king Cyrus, and the second is Sassanid, by the king Ardeshir Babekan.

It is remained some attractive and enormous palace worthy of the empire of Achaemenids, Persepolis, Naqsh-e-Rostam, and Pasargad which are among the most attractive sites of the world.

The long history of Shiraz has left many historical and cultural places a long side with the natural views, such as Bagh-e-Eram Narenjestan, Vakil Mosque, Bazaar and Castle, Aghigh Mosque, and many other mosques and beautiful houses along with the tombs of two famous Iranian poets Sa'di, Hafez, and the holy shrine of Shah-e-Cheragh.


Persepolis is a large bare plain surrounded by mauve cliffs with sharp edges.

It is there, in the center of the Marv Dasht basin, 60 km from Shiraz, that Cyrus the great chose, toward the end of his region, to build under the shelter of a fold in the mountains, a palace worthy of the Empire.

Persepolis includes the Achaemenid kings' palaces and tombs, inscriptions carved in the stone, and massive columns.

This majestic complex represents the ancient Iranian architecture and art in its superb manifestation.

Alexander burned Persepolis the completion of which took 120 years, on 330 BC.

The largest building of this complex is Apadana, which belonged to Darius and was used as a place for public audience in New Year celebration.


Naqsh-e Rostam is a sort of "Valley of King", dominated by tall Ochre-colored cliffs, cracked and wrinkled by the wind with half-way up, the cross-shaped cavities of the tombs cut right into the stone.

The gaunt beauty of the mountains and the immense landscape are appropriate for the sacred character of this necropolis sheltering, the toms of the main Achaemenian Sovereigns.

Form right to left the tombs are those of Xerxes, Darius, the Great Artaxerxes I and Darius II.


Pasargad the capital of Cyrus the Great and Cabyses is to the north of Persepolis in Dasht-e Morghab.

It includes the mausoleum of Cyrus, a palace and a stone tower.

Here Cyrus fought and won his last battle against his former suzerain, the Median king Astyages in 550 BC.

And Pasargad named for the chief tribe of the Persian, was built as Strabo relates, as a memorial to that epic victory.


Baghe Eram or the Eram Garden with old impressive cypress trees and a building with beautiful mirror-incrusted stalactites is a place worthwhile seeing.

This is famous for its unique plants and is typical late Qajar Palace, now donated to Shiraz University.


This famous 19th century Palace consisting of a museum and a garden is among points of interest; its architecture, mirror-incrusted stalactites and paintings are of considerable beauty.

The garden consists chiefly of orange-groves from which the Palace acquired its name.


The Castle of Karimkhan belonging to the Zand dynasty (1750-1794) is a splendid building located in the center of Shiraz.

The architecture, plasterwork, stylized doors and windows, and the four lofty towers of the castle are highly impressive.

The Vakil Bazaar also dates back to the Zand period.

At the end of bazaar is the traditional Caravansary of Seray-e Moshir.

Today it is a center for selling handicrafts produced in Fars.

The Vakil Mosque, having four Ivan, a vast sanctuary, massive stone pillars and a stone pulpit, is in the vicinity of the bazaar.


The Mausoleums of Sa'di (c.1213-1292), and Hafez (c.1325-1389), the great Iranian poets attract large number of visitors.


The most important shrine in Shiraz is the mausoleum of Seyyed Mir Ahmad whose title is Shah-e Cheragh (the King of Lights).

He is the brother of Imam Reza the eight Imam of the Shi'ites.


With nearly 9 million inhabitants Tehran Province is Iran's most densely populated province.

The cities of Tehran, Ray who has been destroyed by Mongols on 1220, Damavand, Varamin, Karadj, and Shemiranat are in the province of Tehran.

The metropolitan city of Tehran slopes of mountains of Shemiran and Damavand is the world-famous capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

It has been Iran's capital for only 200 years now.

Tehran is a city of four seasons, with hot summers, freezing winters, and brief spring and autumn.

The old historical monuments of Tehran date back to Qajar period.

Some of them are: The Golestan Palace and Museum, the Shamsolemareh Building, the Imam Khomeini Mosque, the Museum of Carpets with lots of valuable and old carpets, Anthropological Museum, National Iranian Museum containing both the pre-Islam and post-Islam parts, Abgineh or Glass Museum, and the complex of Sa'd Abad and Niavaran, beside a large number of other museums and attractions.


Immense desert and scanty rainfall are the causes of unique architecture emerged in Yazd, attracting many visitors.

Moreover, the mysterious silence of the deserts has endless fascination for those who love deserts.

Numeral historical monuments date back to Sassanid period, are also counted of the attractions of this city, among which the most important ones are: Jame' Mosque, Amirchakhmagh Mosque and Bazaar, Fire Temple and so many other sites attractive fir tourists.


Dating back to 600 years ago, with its huge dome, lofty minarets and impressive tile work is a triumph of architecture.

The minarets of this mosque are the highest in Iran; the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tile work.


The Bazaar and Mosque of Amirchakhmaq, founded by Amir Chakhmaq, the governor of Yazd, are of great attraction from historical and architectural point of view.

The entrance of Bazaar is the greatest one in Iran.


A Fire-Temple, the fire of which has been brought from Fars Fire- Temple and has been burning since 3000 years, is in the center of the city.