Monday, August 8, 2011

Assam, Assam Travel, Assam Destinations, Assam Tourist Places, Assam Tourism, Assam Tourist Places, Assam Historical Places, Assam garden, Assam India, Assam Places, What to see in Assam, Assam, Where to Travel in Assam,Assam India, Assam, Assam Tea, Sencha, Assam Map, Assam Tourism, Assam University, Map Assam, Government Of Assam, Assam Information, Wildlife Sanctuary, Guwahati

Tourist Places in Assam


The ancient Pragjyotishpura - “the light of the east”, is situated on the banks of the mighty river Bhramhaputra surrounded by a ring of rolling hills. It is the premier city of North East India and gateway to this region. Guwahati is not only an important business and commercial centre, but also the cultural hub and educational nerve centre of North Eastern India, besides being a place of pilgrimage. Guwahati has a unique magical charm. Perhaps, the magic of the demon king Narakasura, who built the ancient city, still rings the air. Or may be, it imanates from the Nabagraha Temple (temple of nine planets), the seat of astronomers who perform their miracle even today. One can even discover the magical charm in the sunset viewed from the Bhubaneswari hill, as you look down upon the crimson ripples of the Bhramhaputra, caressing the pink city. For those who are religious minded, Guwahati can give them the spiritual touch. Kamakhya situated on the top of the Nilachal Hills is the famous seat of Tantric form of Hinduism. 

Assam is the central state in the North-East Region of India and serves as the gateway to the rest of the Seven Sister States. For the purposes of tourism there are wildlife preserves like the Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Burasapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Bornodi Wildlife Sanctuary, Sonai-rupai Wildlife Sanctuary, Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Joydihing Rainforest, Podumani Bherjan Borajan Wildlife Sanctuary, Panidihing Bird Sanctuary, Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary etc. The climate is sub-tropical. Assam experiences the Indian monsoon and has one of the highest forest densities in India. The winter months are the best time to visit.

It has a rich cultural heritage going back to the Ahom Dynasty which governed the region for many centuries before the British occupation.

Assam About this sound pronunciation is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur in the city of Guwahati. Located south of the eastern Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra and the Barak river valleys along with the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 km²). Assam is surrounded by six of the other Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. Popularly the Northeatern part of India is also called"The Unexplored Paradise". These states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck". Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh; and cultures, peoples and climate with South-East Asia – important elements in India’s Look East policy.


Assam became a part of India after the British occupied the region following the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824-1826. It is known for Assam tea, large and old petroleum resources, Assam silk and for its rich biodiversity. Assam has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. It is becoming an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, and Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. Assam was also known for its Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted now. A land of high rainfall, Assam is endowed with lush greenery and the mighty river Brahmaputra, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a unique hydro-geomorphic and aesthetic environment.

How to reach at Assam:

Air:

The Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport of Guwahati is well connected by air to most of the metros in the country. There are regular flights to Guwahati running all year long on daily basis. All  the major carriers of the country like Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Red, SpiceJet, Go Air Business, JetLite and IndiGo airlines connect Guwahati to most of the major cities of India.

Most of the carriers also operate flights connecting the other towns of Assam like Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Tezpur, North Lakhimpur and Silchar to Guwahati and to the other major cities in India.

Rail:A convenient Indian Railways network runs throughout the state connecting major Indian cities with Assam. There are train services connecting Assam to all corners of the country such as Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin and Trivandrum.

Road:

Guwahati, the largest city in Northeast India, is the hub of the road network to the north eastern region. A good network of National Highways and other roads connect Assam to all the prime cities of India.

Main Destinations in Assam:

Brahmaputra: The only male river in India, this is both a source of sorrow and sustenance for the people of Assam.There is cruise facility to enjoy the beauty of the river.

Guwahati:

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One of the key urban centres of Assam and the biggest city in North-East India, this serves as the major gateway to the whole region. This is the primary hopping point for accessing Shillong, the hill station

Majuli:

The largest freshwater island in South Asia on the Brahmaputra River.

Kaziranga National Park:This is one of the few places covered as a World Heritage Site and the main habitat of the Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros. Also check out Orang National Park and Nameri National Park.

Jatinga:

The mystery of the bird suicides in Jatinga in the North Cachar Hills.

Tezpur:

Small town steeped in history and culture. Check out Usha Pahar, Agnigarh, Mahabhairav Temple, etc...

Sivasagar:

Seat of the Ahom Kingdom. Check out Rang Ghar, Talatal Ghar, Sivadol, Kareng Ghar of Garhgaon etc...

Hajo:

Hajo is a small township situated to the northwest of Guwahati across the river Brahmaputra.Hajo is a remarkable example of communal harmony .This is an ancient pilgrimage centre for three religions Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism.

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park:

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a beautiful National Park situated in Tinsukia district. There are few Eco lodges situated here to enjoy the beauty of this park.

Goalpara:

Goalpara is also a major tourist spot in Assam.It has a numerous tourist spots and temples like Sri Surya Pahar,Tekreshwari Pahar,Paglartek in Pancharatna,Pir Babas Mazar in Joleshwar,Naranarayan Setu (Bridge) connecting northern Assam districts like Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Dhubri etc. to Goalpara, Guwahati and major part of Meghalaya.

Dibrugarh:

Business hub in upper Assam. Serves as gateway to Nagaland. Naharkatiya is a place here which is famous for a Buddhist monastery. There are numerous temples, ruins of palaces, etc.

Attractive destinations / Tourism of Assam:

Assam has several attractive destinations; majority of these are National Parks, Wildlife and Bird Sanctuaries, areas with archaeological interests and areas with unique cultural heritage. Moreover, as a whole, the region is covered by beautiful natural landscapes.

Kaziranga National Park:

Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdlifeInternational for conservation of avifaunal species. Compared to other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility.

Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.

Manas National Park:

Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Wildlife Sanctuary, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam, India. Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National park in Bhutan. The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog.

Nameri National Park:

Nameri National Park is a national park located in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India, about 35 kilometres from Tezpur.

Nameri shares its northern boundary with the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary of Arunachal.Together they constitute an area of over 1000 km2 of semi-evergreen, moist deciduous forests with cane and bamboo brakes and narrow strips of open grassland along rivers. This is excellent elephant country and ideal habitat for a host of other animals including the tiger. Nameri beheimatet ausserdem Leoparden, Bisons, Sambars, It is also home to the Leopard, Bison, Sambar, dhole (the Asiatic wild dog), Hog Deer, Muntjac, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Capped Langur, Indian Giant Squirrel etc., Nameri is a birder's paradise with over 300 species of birds - including the white winged wood duck, four distinct species of the Hornbill, Blue-bearded Bee-eaters, Babblers, Plovers etc.

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park:

 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a national wildlife park in Tinsukia, Assam, India.

Covering 650 km2 this is one of the largest parks in Assam. It is one of nineteen biodiversity hotspots around the world.

Originally created to help conserve the habitat of the rare White-winged wood duck, the park is also home to other rare creatures such as water buffalo, wild horse, the tiger and Capped Langur. The park also has some Eco lodges.

Orang National Park:

The Orang National Park, located on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and  Sonitpur districts of Assam, India, covers an area of 78.81 square kilometres (30.43 sq mi). It was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and declared a National Park on 13 April 1999. It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park (IUCN site) since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams and grasslands and are inhabited by the Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros. The park has a rich flora and fauna, including Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, pigmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers.

It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river.

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary:

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife preserve in the Marigaon district of the state of Assam in India. It is located about 60km east of Guwahati. It is hardly 2 hours drive through a beautiful semi hilly road passing by River Brahmaputa, and a small portion of the famous Magical village of Mayong. It is supposed to be the major wildlife stock, situated in a covering area of 38.8 Sq. km. The Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is about 50 km from Guwahati. Though, the total notified area of the park is about 38.80 square kilometre but the remaining area is jagged with hillocks. Pobitora was declared a reserve forest in 1971 and a wildlife  sanctuary ten years later.

Biodiversity in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary:

Pobitora is mainly famous for its great Indian one horned Rhinoceros. Besides Rhinoceros the other animals are Asiatic Buffalo, Leopard, Wild bear, civet cat etc. Assam’s Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to more than 2000 migratory birds and various reptiles. In Pobitora wildlife sanctuary, there are now 81 animals, a ten per cent increase over the last six years. These 81 rhinos are surviving on merely 16 square kilometre area of the park. Pobitora has exceeded its rhino-bearing capacity and is overpopulated. The animals have begun moving outside the sanctuary in search of food, and chances of serious man-animal conflict are quite rife. Besides, the straying animals have the risk of contracting diseases that afflict domestic animals.

Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary:

The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary, formerly known as the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary or Hollongapar Reserve Forest, is an isolated protected area of evergreen forest located in Assam, India. The sanctuary was officially constituted and renamed in 1997. Set aside initially in 1881, its forests used to extend to the foothills of the Patkai mountain range. Since then, the forest has been fragmented and surrounded by tea gardens and small villages. In the early 1900s, artificial regeneration was used to a develop well-stocked forest, resulting in the site's rich biodiversity. The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary contains India's only gibbons, the hoolock gibbons and Northeastern India's only nocturnal primate, the Bengal Slow Loris. The upper canopy of the forest is dominated by the Hollong tree (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus), while the Nahar (Mesua ferrea) dominates the middle canopy. The lower canopy consists of evergreen shrubs and herbs. The habitat is threatened by illegal logging, encroachment of human settlements, and habitat fragmentation.

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary:

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Karbi Anglong district, Assam, India. It is 25 km from Golaghat.

The sanctuary is home to hoolock gibbons and golden langurs.

Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary:

Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary falling under Dhubri and Kokrajhar districts of Assam, India. It is famous for the Golden Langur and is the second protected habitat for Golden Langur in India. Chakrashila Hill was first declared as reserve forest in 1966 and on July 14, 1994 it was recognized with the status of sanctuary by the Government of Assam. It covers an area of 45.568 km2 (4556.8 hectares). It is around 6 km from Kokrajhar town, 68 km from Dhubri town and 219 km from Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati.

Majuli:

Just 32 kms from Guwahati is Sualkuchi, 'The Manchester of the east'. It is famous for Assam silk - the unique golden Muga, Pat, and Eri fabrics. Dress materials from here are much sought after by cloth connoisseurs from around the world.

Majuli which is the largest river island in the world and proposed 21st UNESCO World Heritage Site  is located at a distance of 300 kms from Guwahati and 12 km from Jorhat town. Several important Vaishnavites sattras or monasteries exist here. The island is famous for Salmara pottery, migratory ducks and other rare avian life.

Located at a distance of 269 km from Guwahati lies Diphu, a hilly town, which is the headquarters of Karbi-Anglong district. It is a centre of Karbi art and culture.

The coal town of Margherita in upper Assam is just 20 kms or 45 minutes drive from Digboi, the oil township, and here one can visit the Singpho village to sip the world famous Singpho organic tea.

Sualkuchi:

Sualkuchi also known as Soalkuchi, is a census town in Kamrup district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra, about 35 km from Guwahati, Sualkuchi is a block of Kamrup District. There are large number of cottage handloom industries for which it is also known as the "Manchester of Assam".

Sarthebari:

Sarthebari is a town and a town area committee in Barpeta district in the Indian state of Assam.

Bogamati:

Digboi oil town:

Digboi is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district in the north-eastern part of the state of Assam, India Crude oil was discovered here in late 19th century, in a span of ten years when the discovery of Oil took place in first Oil drilling in the world. Digboi oilfield has the oldest running oil well in the world.

With a significant number of British professionals working for Assam Oil Company until the decade following independence of India, Digboi had a well developed infrastructure and a number of bungalows unique to the town. It has eighteen holes golf course as part of the Digboi Club. It has guest houses and tourist residential apartments laid on Italian architectural plan to promote tourism in upper Assam.

Ledo and Stilwell Road:
Ledo is a small town in Tinsukia district, Assam, India. It is the starting point for the Ledo Road, also known as Stillwel Road in British era and 2nd world war.This road was used by British for military supply to China through Burma(Myanmar) (NH 38 and the NH 153). The Ledo Road (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was built during World War II so that the Western Allies could supply the Chinese as an alternative to the Burma Road which had been cut by the Japanese in 1942. It was renamed the Stilwell Road (named after General Vinegar Joe Stilwell of the U.S. Army) in early 1945 at the suggestion of Chiang Kai-shek. It passes through Burma towns of shingbwiyang, Myitkyina and Bhamo in Kachin state.

Haflong, Maibong and Jatinga:

Haflong is a town and a town area committee and headquarters of North Cachar Hills district in the Indian state of Assam. It is adoringly known as the 'Switzerland of the East'. Haflong is a quaint hill station breath takingly beautiful. It is garlanded by the hills and is an unending saga of gently flowing streams and waterfalls. The hills are hidden by rolling mists and clouds float within your fingertips.

Maibong, also spelt as Maibang, is a town and a town area committee in North Cachar Hills district in the Indian state of Assam.

Jatinga , a village on a ridge, is located in the North Cachar Hills district, Assam State in India. It is 330 km south of Guwahati. It is most famous for the phenomenon of birds “committing suicide”. The village is inhabited by about 2,500 Jaintia tribal people.

Bongaigaon:
Bongaigaon is the district headquarters of Bongaigaon District, Assam, India. The city is situated 180 kilometres (112 mi) north west of Guwahati. It has two parts - Old Bongaigaon and New Bongaigaon. Bongaigaon is predominantly inhabited by the Koch Rajbongshi Community which is a part of "Bijni Kingdom" ruled by the Rajbongshi Kings. Recently it was divided and a new district Chirang was formed, to meet the demands of Bodos of Assam. It has a major petrochemical industry, the Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (BRPL).

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1 comment:

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