Thursday, September 1, 2011

Temple of Deir el-Bahri (Temple of Hatshepsut)

Photo Bahari Temple (Temple of Hatshepsut)

Temple of Deir el-Bahari
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut

Temple, "Bahari" or the Temple of Queen "Hatshepsut" Temple is very famous in the world. He became known as the "Temple of Deir al-Bahari," because they used Christian monastery in the seventh century AD.

Queen "Hatshepsut"

And Queen "Hatshepsut" is sent by ship to the land of "Punt" (Somalia) to return laden with incense and perfume .. And "Hatshepsut" is the fifth king of the Eighteenth Dynasty, which also belong to the king "Tutankhamun". A daughter of "Thutmose I" and the wife of "Thutmose II" has received the sentence with "Thutmose III," which was the son of her husband from a Gariaat, and was at the same time her daughter's husband, and remained until her death in 1484 BC, holding the reins of government, was the ruling peremptory throughout her life, and removed "Thutmose III" to rule, did not have the recipe does not like the ruling.
 Although she was female, they represented themselves to statues in the form of a man who has issued a flat with no breasts, with a false beard. Having died to release the "Thutmose III" from the tutelage of heavy, and I love to take revenge on them piquant build this temple, and attributed to himself, and he smashed her name and most of the images carved statues, and a place name and titles in many quarters.

Temple of Deir el-Bahri (Temple of Hatshepsut)

The design and implementation of building the temple Engineer "die" Queen's Counsel and one close to it. It belongs to a modest family from "Armant," but his effort became the first president to receive the royal family, and the President to receive the god "Amun", responsible for all of the construction, but this has achieved the greatest professional successes in the history of ancient Egypt.
He has supervised the creation and transfer of obelisks built by "Hatshepsut" in the temple of "Amun Ra" at Karnak. The funerary temple which was built in the "Bahari" is a unique masterpiece and a model of innovation.
Its roof was destroyed with regret, but Ffenath three remain, which is sticking straight up the balconies from each other degrees. And lead the group to split in successive terraces and a succession of separate mating surfaces in perfect unison and harmony with the natural cliff of the mountain.
And generally fill the windows of balconies Boaúk meshes simplicity in full conformity with the greatness of rock is topped by a tube-like organ (musical instrument). The lead to this temple by the rams, and remain the entrance and courtyard trees remained parts of the stumps in place today.
And is in the middle by a rising between the three balconies, and every balcony is located towards the twenty-two columns and behind the balcony there is a courtyard leading to the second compartment, "Anubis," god of the dead in the right side, and another to "Hathor," Lady in the cemetery on the left. And then ends the temple mihrab, or Holy of Holies, carved in the heart of the rock.
The most important Albwaik found in this temple are those located in the central balcony. The weeping decorated with carvings representing the South of the mission sent by the Queen to the land of "Punt" (coast of Somalia) in year seven or eight of its rule to bring incense necessary for religious rituals and other products of that country.
On Albwaik North Terrace in the same scene was engraved the famous story of Queen of the god "Amun", a view which is how the mother carried the Queen "Hatshepsut" in a manner contrary to nature. So that visited the god "Amun" at night, her mother Queen "Ahmos" which is in the form of her husband, "Thutmose I", and spent the night with her, and then after being announced that she would give birth to a great princess called "Hatshepsut," and it will control the country.
There are several rooms in the temple carvings internal distorted, then the three chapels of Interior, which is nested in each other. The carvings are not characterized by what is described above. However, the third of the work of "Ptolemy VIII" - "Iorgits second," one of the kings of the Ptolemies, which is clicked in the rock and consecrated to the worship of each of the "Imhoteb" the god of medicine, "Aamahotb bin Habo" made ​​famous in the era of "Amenhotep III" wisdom and literature. 

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